The history of gambling how did casino originate?
The history of gambling is full of various myths, legends, facts, and conjectures. It originates in Ancient Egypt and Italy of the Middle Ages and ends with the modern era of online games. Gambling used to play a much greater role in society than it is now: for example, the territorial dispute between Sweden and Norway in the 11th century was resolved by throwing dice. In China, the army was sponsored through gambling, and during the years 1700-1709 lotteries helped feed the British colonies. A few years later, the Americans began to use the lottery to finance educational programs.
Now no one can say with 100 percent certainty where the game of dice originated. It is generally believed that this gambling originated in Ancient Egypt: the most ancient dice, dating from the 20th century BC, were found in Thebes. In Europe, this game was learned thanks to the Roman patricians. Since in the old day’s dice were used not only for entertainment but also for fortune-telling, the church repeatedly tried to ban this game. Previously, dice were made from the teeth and bones of animals, and they acquired the current cubic form in Korea, where they were used in the Buddhist version of this game. Dice are currently used in games such as sic-bo and craps.
Card Game History
The first playing cards originated in East Asia. Before paper cards, Japanese and Chinese players used flat plates made of wood. In India, playing cards had a round shape — Ganjif. In Japan, mussel shells were used as playing cards, on which everyday scenes and seasons were applied. Baccarat appeared in Italy in the 15th century, blackjack in the 18th century in France, and the progenitor of modern club poker in the 19th century in New Orleans.
The history of slot machines
The first slot machine was invented by Charles August Fey, and this happened in 1897. It was a mechanical slot machine with three reels, called the Liberty Bell. The maximum gain on this machine was only 50 cents. In 1964, Bally Manufacturing launched the Money Honey electromechanical slot, which boasted sound design and backlighting. In 1975, the Fortune Coin video game was released, created by Walt Freilly and his friend. In 1976, International Game Technology acquired the Fortune Coin company, which soon allowed it to become the second-largest gaming machine manufacturer in the world.
In Europe, casinos acquired legal status in 1638. In Venice, in the church of San Moise, a private room Il Ridotto was opened, whose activity was to control gambling during the big spring carnival. In 1765, a gambling casino
with roulette tables began to work in France, which served to replenish the treasury of King Louis XIV. The first gaming establishments began to open in the United States at the end of the 18th century, and at the beginning of the 19th century, gambling was played on steamboats and ships passing along the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. By the 20th century, Monte Carlo, Las Vegas, and Atlantic City became the centers of the American gambling industry.
The first virtual casino was InterCasino, which opened in 1995. In 1996, Playtech launched the Europa Casino online casino, and a year later the first virtual bookmaker opened. Progressive Jackpot online slot machines appeared in 1998. In 2003, the international non-profit organization eCOGRA appeared in the UK through the efforts of Microgaming and Cryptologic, whose goal was to unite gambling providers into a single standard.
From time immemorial, gambling has been mankind’s favorite pastime, a reflection of its very essence — passion for easy and quick money, the search for thrills and the simplest way to achieve goals. As the classic said, it is the passion for the game that is the strongest of all human passions.